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jQuery、jqLite 与 angular.element

angular.element用法

angular.element(element);

angular.element在已经加载jQuery的情况下使用jQuery方法(1.0.1中直接将jQuery对象赋值给angular.element),否则使用JQLite方法。

当angular.element使用JQLite方法时,参数element不能是tag name 和 CSS selector,如果需要标签名查找可以使用angular.element(document).find(...)$document.find(),或者使用标准的DOM APIs,例如document.querySelectorAll()

//当加载jQuery时
angular.element("#title")

//当没加载jQuery时
angular.element("<div>test</div>")
angular.element(document).find("#title")

相关源码:

var jq = function() {
  if (isDefined(jq.name_)) return jq.name_;
  var el;
  var i, ii = ngAttrPrefixes.length,
    prefix, name;
  for (i = 0; i < ii; ++i) {
    prefix = ngAttrPrefixes[i];
    if (el = document.querySelector('[' + prefix.replace(':', '\\:') + 'jq]')) {
      name = el.getAttribute(prefix + 'jq');
      break;
    }
  }

  return (jq.name_ = name);
};
function bindJQuery() {
  var originalCleanData;

  if (bindJQueryFired) {
    return;
  }
  // bind to jQuery if present;
  var jqName = jq();
  jQuery = isUndefined(jqName) ? window.jQuery : // use jQuery (if present)
    !jqName ? undefined : // use jqLite
    window[jqName]; // use jQuery specified by `ngJq`

  // Use jQuery if it exists with proper functionality, otherwise default to us.
  // Angular 1.2+ requires jQuery 1.7+ for on()/off() support.
  // Angular 1.3+ technically requires at least jQuery 2.1+ but it may work with older
  // versions. It will not work for sure with jQuery <1.7, though.
  if (jQuery && jQuery.fn.on) {
    jqLite = jQuery;
    extend(jQuery.fn, {
      scope: JQLitePrototype.scope,
      isolateScope: JQLitePrototype.isolateScope,
      controller: JQLitePrototype.controller,
      injector: JQLitePrototype.injector,
      inheritedData: JQLitePrototype.inheritedData
    });

    // All nodes removed from the DOM via various jQuery APIs like .remove()
    // are passed through jQuery.cleanData. Monkey-patch this method to fire
    // the $destroy event on all removed nodes.
    originalCleanData = jQuery.cleanData;
    jQuery.cleanData = function(elems) {
      var events;
      if (!skipDestroyOnNextJQueryCleanData) {
        for (var i = 0, elem;
          (elem = elems[i]) != null; i++) {
          events = jQuery._data(elem, "events");
          if (events && events.$destroy) {
            jQuery(elem).triggerHandler('$destroy');
          }
        }
      } else {
        skipDestroyOnNextJQueryCleanData = false;
      }
      originalCleanData(elems);
    };
  } else {
    jqLite = JQLite;
  }

  angular.element = jqLite;

  // Prevent double-proxying.
  bindJQueryFired = true;
}

jqLite

function JQLite(element) {
  if (element instanceof JQLite) {
    return element;
  }

  var argIsString;

  if (isString(element)) {
    element = trim(element);
    argIsString = true;
  }
  //当element是字符串时,element首字母必须是"<"
  if (!(this instanceof JQLite)) {
    if (argIsString && element.charAt(0) != '<') {
      throw jqLiteMinErr('nosel', 'Looking up elements via selectors is not supported by jqLite! See: http://docs.angularjs.org/api/angular.element');
    }
    return new JQLite(element);
  }

  if (argIsString) {
    jqLiteAddNodes(this, jqLiteParseHTML(element));
  } else {
    jqLiteAddNodes(this, element);
  }
}

jqLite提供的jQuery方法不再赘述,可在控制台输出查看,例如

console.log(angular.element(document).find("#title"))

参考文章

https://code.angularjs.org/1.4.12/docs/api/ng/function/angular.element

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